« After these very intense discussions, I am very pleased to be able to say that we have reached an agreement in principle on all the key elements, » Sefcovic said, adding that further details of the agreement would be discussed on Friday. Each country protects, in the defined order, the rights of its citizens living in another country, in accordance with its obligations under the documents of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and other generally accepted principles and norms of international law, agreements concluded within the Commonwealth of Independent States. Russia and Ukraine reached an « agreement in principle » on Thursday to continue the transit of Russian gas through Ukrainian territory. The agreement, signed on 21 April 2010 in Kharkiv, Ukraine by Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and Russian President Dimitry Medvedev and ratified by the parliaments of both countries on 27 April 2010, has caused great controversy in Ukraine. The treaty follows on from the 1997 Black Sea Fleet Sharing Agreement between the two states. Shortly after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in March 2014, Russia unilaterally terminated the treaty on 31 March 2014.   The agreements do not address the Naftogaz Group`s complaints against the Russian Federation about the group`s stolen assets in Crimea. According to the European Union (EU) official, the agreement covered « all the key elements » and said it was « very good news and very positive for Europe, for Russia, for Ukraine, for the gas markets and for the citizens of all countries ». Ukrainian and Russian opponents expressed doubts about Ukraine`s compliance with the agreement.   According to Yanukovych, the only way to reduce the public deficit, as requested by the International Monetary Fund, under the protection of pensioners and minimum wages, was to extend the Russian navy`s lease in Crimea in exchange for cheaper natural gas.  Ukrainian opponents have called the agreement a « liquidation of national interests. »  The agreement was subject to approval by the Russian and Ukrainian parliaments.  Both parliaments ratified the agreement on 27 April 2010.
 The Ukrainian Parliament ratified it after several eggs of deputies and other incidents were thrown at the spokesman De Wolodymy Lytvyn.    President Zelensky stated that the issue of Russian gas gas exports through Ukraine had been « unlocked » following a transit rights dispute and that an agreement was being drafted. BUCHAREST (ICIS) – Ukraine and Russia have signed a five-year transit agreement for guaranteed minimum amounts from 2020, Ukraine`s Naftogaz confirmed late Monday. After intense negotiations, Russia and Ukraine signed a five-year agreement on the transit of Russian gas to Europe before the deadline. The agreement negotiated in Vienna was confirmed on 30 December by Russian and Ukrainian gas companies and Ukrainian President Wolodymyr Zelenskiy in a social post. The current agreement was due to expire on 31 December and has compromised Europe`s vital link with billions of cubic metres of gas from Russia via Ukrainian gas pipelines in the depths of winter. About 40% of the 200 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas sent each year by Russia to Europe has been transferred through The vast network of Ukrainian gas pipelines. Energy relations between the two neighboring countries are part of a wider geopolitical struggle with the military occupation — Russia invaded Ukraine`s Crimea peninsula in 2014 and backed separatists in the east of the country – allegations of cyberwarfare, propaganda and international complaints about human rights violations and embezzled assets.