The government issued a technical opinion on existing trade agreements in the absence of an agreement in October 2018. If there were no replacement agreements on the withdrawal date, the terms of the World Trade Organization (WTO) would apply to the most favoured nation (MFN), with all WTO members having to have the same tariffs applied in the absence of a free trade agreement. Brexit: UK trade « difficult when the Irish border is not resolved » The VA also contains a protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland which provides for a « backstop » that would leave the UK in a « single customs territory » with the EU at the end of the transition period, unless a new agreement on a future relationship between the UK and the EU has come into force, guaranteeing the absence of border controls between Northern Ireland and Ireland. This is partly due to the temporary tariff regime between the UK and the EU, proposed by the government in a technical communication in June 2018. The June proposal proposed that further technical discussions with the EU be needed to find a common solution to ensure that the UK is able to fully implement the EU`s common external tariffs and allow the UK to continue to benefit from existing free trade agreements or new EU free trade agreements signed during this period. To date, more than 20 of these existing agreements, covering 50 countries or territories, have been shaken up with the exception of the I.V. and will begin on 1 January 2021. Based on 2018 figures, this represents about 8% of total trade in the UK. But it is clear that new agreements with some countries will not be ready in time. Kenya has been added to the list of countries where trade agreements have been signed and the East African Community (EAC) has been removed from the list of countries where trade agreements are still under discussion. The Truss department has signed a series of continuity agreements to ensure that the UK can continue to negotiate with third countries on similar terms when the Brexit transition period ends on 31 December. Table « Signed Trade Agreements, » Updated with latest Office for National Statistics statistics The UK negotiating team will work with its strategic trade advisory group throughout the negotiations.  The following agreements with countries and trading blocs will come into force when the UK leaves the EU: it is a list of publications on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and the future relationship between the UK and the EU, consisting of UK libraries, research services and committees, as well as decentralised parliaments and assemblies.
Shadow Trade Minister Emily Thornberry wrote to Truss asking him to explain the delay and asked her to inform Parliament of the process. In the letter, Thornberry said that in 2019 there was « clear momentum behind this process » with 20 continuity agreements. Find out what new trade deals will be in place in the event of a Non-Brexit Deal. The agreements under discussion are listed below. The UK replaces EU external agreements after Brexit (1 MB, PDF) The UK has signed a free trade agreement with Japan. In February 2019, the government said the UK would remain after the day of withdrawal, « where it is already a party in its own right, » to most « mixed » multilateral agreements.