(3) The division that provides certain consular services shall collect fees in accordance with its own rules and withhold them.  UN Security Council Resolution 2133 (2014) called on member states to prevent terrorists from benefiting, directly or indirectly, from ransoms or political concessions. The resolution states that the ransom supports terrorist groups` recruitment efforts, strengthens their operational capacity to organize and carry out terrorist attacks, and « incite future kidnappings for ransom. » See United Nations Security Council, resolution 2133 (2014), S/RES/2133 (2014), 27 January 2014. In 2016, G7 leaders said: « We unequivocally reaffirm our determination not to pay ransoms to terrorists, to protect the lives of our citizens and, in accordance with relevant international conventions, to reduce terrorist groups` access to the financial resources to enable them to survive and thrive, and call on all states: To do so. See: G7 Heads of State and Government Statement in Ise-Shima, G7 Summit in Ise-Shima, 26-27 May 2016. In 2013, G8 leaders said: « We are committed to protecting our citizens and reducing terrorist groups` access to funding that allows them to thrive. We unequivocally reject the payment of ransoms to terrorists and call on countries and companies around the world to follow our example and eradicate this, as well as other lucrative sources of income for terrorists. We will help each other resolve hostage cases by exchanging best practices in advance and providing, if necessary, expertise when they take place. Subsequently, in the same document, the Heads of State and Government welcomed « efforts to prevent kidnappings and ensure the safe release of hostages without ransom, as recommended by the Global Terrorism Forum, in particular in the Algiers Memorandum on Good Practices on the Prevention and Restoration of Kidnapping Property for Ransom by Terrorists. » See G8 Lough Erne Leaders Communique, Lough Erne Summit 2013, 18 June 2013. (22) Both services shall ensure that the governments of the host States are aware of and do not oppose the arrangements for consular sharing provided for in this Agreement. It agreed that the agreement with Canada could allow for enhanced cooperation, for example on the allocation of administrative costs.
The Foreign Ministry said: « This declaration sets out a number of areas for further cooperation, including collocation, crisis response, security and consular cooperation. » Please note that Canadian consular assistance or visa immigration mailboxes operate on a triage basis. If your request requires urgent attention, please mark URGENCY in your email address.  See: Global Consular Forum, Conference report: Contemporary consular practice: trends and challenges, Wilton Park, 2013; and Global Consular Forum, report: Global Consular Forum 2015. As witnesses explained, Canadians who travel to a country where they are also citizens can expect to be treated like any other citizen of that country. Heather Jeffrey told the commission that dual citizens « can be particularly vulnerable when they travel to their home countries, given that not all countries are. Recognize Canadian citizenship and give us the consular access we aspire to.  The Committee was informed that consular access for dual citizens can be particularly difficult when a dual Canadian national has the passport of that country in his or her country of second nationality. She added that she did not believe that a legal mandate to provide consular services « would lead us to make additional efforts that go beyond what we normally do. » According to Ms. Jeffrey, « the fact that we have the prerogative of the Crown allows us to be flexible in choosing the means and mechanisms by which we assist in each case, but the overall level of service intended to fully support our capabilities is a permanent element of our policy. »  Finally, several witnesses argued for Canada to make better use of the expertise of individuals in civil society, the private sector and the legal community in the field of consular affairs. .