Based solely on the current climate commitments of the Paris Agreement, temperatures are expected to have risen by 3.2°C by the end of the twenty-first century, according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, annual emissions must be below 25 gigatonnes (Gt) by 2030. With the current november 2019 commitments, emissions will be 56 Gt of CO2e by 2030, twice as much as the environmental target. To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, it is necessary to reduce global annual emissions by 7.6% per year between 2020 and 2030. The four largest emitters (China, THE US, EU27 and India) have contributed more than 55% of total emissions over the past decade, while excluding emissions resulting from land-use change such as deforestation. China`s emissions increased by 1.6% in 2018 to a peak of 13.7 Gt CO2 equivalent. The United States emits 13% of global emissions and emissions increased by 2.5% in 2018. The EU emits 8.5% of global emissions has fallen by 1% per year over the last ten years. Emissions decreased by 1.3% in 2018. 7% of India`s global emissions increased by 5.5% in 2018, but its per capita emissions are one of the lowest in the G20.  Rarely is there a consensus among almost all nations on a single subject. But with the Paris Agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change was fueled by human behavior, that it posed a threat to the environment and humanity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it.
In addition, a clear framework has been put in place for all countries to make emission reduction commitments and strengthen these measures over time. Here are some important reasons why the agreement is so important: Ultimately, all parties have recognized the need to « prevent, minimize and treat loss and damage, » but in particular any mention of indemnification or liability is excluded.  The Convention also adopts the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage, an institution that will attempt to answer questions relating to the classification, management and sharing of responsibilities in the event of loss.  The president called climate change dizzy and promised during the campaign to « cancel » the Paris Agreement. Few expected him to announce that the United States would remain committed to the pact. Instead of giving China and India a passport on pollution, as Trump claims, the pact represents the first time these two major developing countries have agreed on concrete and ambitious climate commitments. Both countries, already ready to let the world lead renewable energy, have made considerable progress in meeting their Paris targets. And since Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the deal, the Chinese and Indian leaders have reaffirmed their commitment and continued to implement domestic measures to achieve their goals. As the Wall Street Journal wrote this morning, « The reality is that the withdrawal is in America`s economic interest and the climate will not be very significant. » The United States will remain the cleanest and most environmentally friendly country in the world under the Trump administration.
We will be the cleanest. We will look the cleanest. We will have the cleanest water. We will be environmentally friendly, but we are not going to put our businesses out of work and we will not lose our jobs. We will grow; We will grow quickly. (Applause) « To fulfill my solemn duty to protect America and its citizens, the United States will withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement. but start negotiations to resume either the Paris Agreement or a truly totally new transaction, on fair terms for the United States, » he said.